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What are the characteristics features of Umbelliferae family?

What are the characteristics features of Umbelliferae family?

Habits: Annual or perennial herbs rarely shrubs. Roots: Tap root, branched, sometimes, tuberous due to presence of stored food. Stem: Herbaceous stem, erect or prostate with swollen nodes. Leaves: Petiolate, Alternate, simple, exstipulate, reticulate venation.

Is Apiaceae Actinomorphic?

The Apiaceae are distinctive in being herbs, with sheathing leaves (compound or simple, often decompound), the inflorescence usually an involucrate compound umbel [rarely a head, simple umbel, or reduced] with actinomorphic flowers having a 2-carpellate and 2-loculate, inferior ovary, each carpel with one, apical-axile …

Which inflorescence is present in Apiaceae?

Complete answer: The inflorescence in Apiaceae is Umbel. In umbel inflorescence, the main axis is very short and bears at its tip a whorl of bracts.

Is Apiaceae and Umbelliferae same?

Family Apiaceae is also called as the carrot or celery or parsley family or Umbelliferae. The alternative name of this family is Umbelliferae. This family consists of mostly aromatic plants. This family has more than 434 genera and around 3,700 species.

What is Umbelliferous?

Five umbelliferous fruits viz. Cuminum cyminum, Foeniculum vulgare, Pimpinella anisum, Coriandrum sativum and Carum carvi were procured from plants grown at the Faculty of Pharmacy Herbarium, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. The fruits were finely powdered and stored at −20 °C till further analysis.

What classification is a carrot?

Daucus carota subsp. sativus
Carrot/Scientific names

What is the role of Vittae in umbelliferous fruits?

Fruits of the family Umbelliferae are generally characterized by the prosenco of clearly-delimited tissues known as Vittae’ which occur in the mesocarp and serve as reservoir for specific volatile oil. This may be helpful in detecting the adulteration in a mixture of fruits which apparently look identical.

What is a Mericarp?

: one of the two carpels that resemble achenes and form the schizocarp of an umbelliferous plant.

What are the characteristics of an Apiaceae plant?

The enlarged sheath at the base of this petiole of a great purple angelica (Angelica atropurpea) leaf is characteristic of this family. The large fleshy ridged stems are also hollow, and the foliage is aromatic when crushed.

Are there any poisonous plants in the Apiaceae family?

Apiaceae, commonly known as the carrot, or parsley, family, contains about 434 genera and nearly 3,780 species. Many species of the Apiaceae are poisonous, including poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), water hemlock (Cicuta maculata), and fool’s parsley (Aethusa cynapium).

How is the Apiaceae family important to India?

Economic Importance of Apiaceae. The family Apiaceae contributes several important food, essential oils and aromatic herbs to human race. Hence this family is considered as economically important. Apium graveolens: It is cultivated in Himalayas, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and South India. It is used as a vegetable.

What foods and spices are in the Apiaceae family?

There are several food and spices in this family (as well as some of the deadliest poisons). Celery, carrot, and parsnip are vegetables from the Apiaceae, and the “seeds” (actually they are fruits –schizocarps, to be precise) of dill, caraway, fennel, and anise are popular spices.