How is urinary retention defined?

How is urinary retention defined?

Urinary retention is the acute or chronic inability to voluntarily pass an adequate amount of urine. The condition predominantly affects men. The most common causes are obstructive in nature, with benign prostatic hyperplasia accounting for 53% of cases.

What are manifestations of urinary retention?

Symptoms of urinary retention may include: Difficulty starting to urinate. Difficulty fully emptying the bladder. Weak dribble or stream of urine.

How do you assess for urinary retention?

How is urinary retention diagnosed?

  1. Physical examination — A physical exam of the lower abdomen will determine if you have a distended bladder by lightly tapping on the lower belly.
  2. Post void residual measurement — Using an ultrasound, this test measures the amount of urine left in the bladder after urination.

What are the related factors for the urinary retention?

Advanced age, male sex, joint replacement surgery, history of hypertension, and diabetes mellitus significantly increased the risk of urinary retention. In patients with these risk factors, careful postoperative urological management should be performed.

What is the most common cause of urinary retention?

The most common cause of urinary retention is benign prostatic hyperplasia. Other common causes include prostatitis, cystitis, urethritis, and vulvovaginitis; receiving medications in the anticholinergic and alpha-adrenergic agonist classes; and cortical, spinal, or peripheral nerve lesions.

What are the signs and symptoms of urinary retention?

Urinary Retention is characterized by the following signs and symptoms: Abdominal discomfort Bladder distention Decreased (less than 30 ml/hr) or absent urinary output for 2 consecutive hours Frequency Hesitancy Inability to empty bladder completely Incontinence Residual urine Sensation of bladder fullness Urgency

How does a health care professional treat urinary retention?

Health care professionals treat urinary retention based on the type of urinary retention—acute or chronic—and the cause of the urinary retention. With acute urinary retention, a health care professional will immediately drain the urine from your bladder using a catheter.

How is urinary retention related to urethral resistance?

Urinary retention is related to multiple factors affecting either detrusor contraction strength or urethral (bladder outlet) resistance of flow (Gray, 2000a; Kruse, Bray, deGroat, 1995; Pertek, Haberer, 1995; Anders, Goebel, 1998; Ginsberg et al, 1998). 3.

What causes the retention of urine after surgery?

There are many different causes of neurological problems, including Medicines. Urinary retention can be caused by certain medicines that interfere with nerve signals to your bladder, urethra, or prostate. Examples of these medicines include Surgery. It is common to develop temporary urinary retention right after surgery.