What was the purpose of the Palatine Chapel?

What was the purpose of the Palatine Chapel?

Constructed on the site of an earlier, smaller house of worship dating from the 780s and 790s, the Palatine Chapel was consecrated in 805 to serve as the imperial church. It was designed by Odo of Metz, who modeled it after the Byzantine-style church of San Vitale (consecrated 547) in Ravenna, Italy.

Did Charlemagne build the Palatine Chapel?

Construction of this palatine chapel, with its octagonal basilica and cupola, began c. 790–800 under the Emperor Charlemagne. Originally inspired by the churches of the Eastern part of the Holy Roman Empire, it was splendidly enlarged in the Middle Ages.

Who was the palace chapel of Charlemagne built for?

the Virgin Mary
Charlemagne’s palace chapel was built around 792 and dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It is a centrally planned building topped by an octagonal dome. The architectural plan recalls the Church of the Pantheon in Rome, a former Roman temple rededicated to the Virgin.

What was the Palatine Chapel made of?

But the Palatine Chapel was constructed in stone and survived. Today, it is incorporated in the larger Cathedral complex, dating from later periods. For the Palatine Chapel, Charlemagne and his architect Odo of Metz (742–814)carefully selected examples and material from a variety of sources.

Which best describes the architectural structure of the Palatine Chapel?

What is the architectural form of the Palatine Chapel? The west-work is a massive, wide, tower-like west front containing an entrance vestibule with a chapel and other rooms over it. the addition of a west-work to churches is one of the Carolingians contributions to the western architectural tradition.

Is Charlemagne’s palace still standing?

Today much of the palace is destroyed, but the Palatine Chapel has been preserved and is considered as a masterpiece of Carolingian architecture and a characteristic example of architecture from the Carolingian Renaissance.

Why is Romanesque called Romanesque?

The Romanesque was at its height between 1075 and 1125 in France, Italy, Britain, and the German lands. The name Romanesque refers to the fusion of Roman, Carolingian and Ottonian, Byzantine, and local Germanic traditions that make up the mature style.

Who worships in a chapel?

Although chapels frequently refer to Christian places of worship, they are also commonly found in Jewish synagogues and do not necessarily denote a specific denomination.

What are 3 accomplishments of Charlemagne?

10 Major Accomplishments of Charlemagne

  • #1 Charlemagne united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire.
  • #2 Charlemagne was the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • #3 Charlemagne played a vital role in the spread of Christianity across Europe.

What was the model for the Palatine Chapel?

The Palatine Chapel, a masterpiece of Carolingian architecture, is incorporated within Aachen Cathedral, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978.…. Carolingian art. …was the model for the Palatine Chapel (consecrated 805), built by Charlemagne for his court at Aachen.

When did the Palatine Chapel become Charlemagnes final resting place?

In 814 the Palatine Chapel became Charlemagne’s final resting place, and the Charlemagne Shrine (incorporating his remains) now stands in the choir. A marble-slab throne, which was used for the coronations of 32 Holy Roman emperors in the period from 936 to 1531, is thought to be Carolingian.

Where was the Palatine Chapel in Aachen located?

The dedication took place about twenty years after Charlemagne moved the capital of the Frankish kingdom from Ravenna, in what is now Italy, to Aachen, in what is now Germany.

How big is Palatine Chapel compared to San Vitale?

Because it didn’t receive extensive additions like the Holy Sepulchre, the San Vitale Chapel at Ravenna is probably the best comparison for what the Palatine Chapel would have looked like before its Gothic renovations. San Vitale is a small octagonal church, with a centralized plan and a two-story ambulatory (below).