What is the difference between a full thickness skin graft and a split thickness skin graft?

What is the difference between a full thickness skin graft and a split thickness skin graft?

A split-thickness skin graft removes the epidermis (the top layer of the skin) and only a portion of the dermis (the deeper layer of the skin). A full-thickness skin graft, on the other hand, removes the epidermis and the dermis.

How is a full thickness skin graft performed?

Full-thickness skin grafts are harvested with a scalpel. The wound pattern is initially outlined over the donor region and is enlarged by 3-5% to compensate for primary contracture, which occurs because of the elastic fiber content of the graft dermis.

When do you need a full thickness skin graft?

A full-thickness skin graft is used when all layers of the skin are needed to close a wound or to cover small areas. It is used when matching the skin graft’s color to the normal skin is important. It may also be done when contractures (tightening and shortening) of the skin graft should be avoided.

Why a full-thickness skin graft may be a better choice?

Full-Thickness Skin Grafts FTSGs maintain more of the normal characteristics of the skin (notably texture, color and thickness), and contract less during healing. As a result, FTSGs are aesthetically pleasing and a good choice for the face or other highly-visible areas of the body.

How do you take care of a full-thickness skin graft?

It is best to keep the area covered for 3 weeks after suture removal with a nonstick dressing (Telfa) and paper tape. Clean the graft daily with ½ strength peroxide and keep it moist with Vaseline. Continue to clean the graft daily as described above until the peroxide no longer bubbles upon application.

How long does a full-thickness skin graft surgery take?

The surgery takes 1 to 3 hours. If the graft is a large area, you may stay one or more nights in the hospital. Before the surgery begins: An IV line is put into a vein in your arm or hand.

How long does a full thickness skin graft surgery take?

How do you take care of a full thickness skin graft?

What do layers do a full thickness skin graft include?

Full-thickness skin grafts are composed of epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue . Like split-thickness skin grafts, they provide tissue with great pliability, which is useful for the reconstruction of defects with complex contours.

What does full thickness graft include?

A full thickness skin graft is a piece of skin (including the outer epidermis and complete underlying dermis), which is taken from one location and placed in a separate location. It is separated from its natural blood supply and must be placed on a recipient site with an active blood supply.

What does full thickness mean?

Full thickness is entire dermis. Think of it this way…and FTSG, a full thickness skin graft is just what is says, epidermis and dermis.

Is skin grafting painful?

To perform a skin graft, surgeons remove healthy skin from a patient’s body and attach it to the wounded area. Extensive scarring is inevitable and the healing process can be long and painful, but the majority of patients will survive the treatment and return to their normal lives.