What is Stentering?
Stentering is one of a series of textile finishing processes, where the selvedges of an open-width fabric are held at a predetermined width with maintaining proper tension. The attachment to the selvedges can be by pins. The term “stentering” is used for passing fabric through a stenter or enter.
What is Stentering machine?
A Stenter (sometimes called a Tenter) is a specialist oven used in the textile industry for drying and heat treating fabric after wet processing. It consists of heated chambers, adjustable to the width of the fabric being treated.
Which job is done by Stentering machine?
Job DescriptionA Stenter Machine Operator is responsible to do the specified job of drying- heat setting and finishing of fabric with proper control of parameters to get the desired effect.
What is compacting in textile?
The compacting machine is a knitted fabric shrinkage control machine, which can compact the fabric in length wise direction, to provide over feed to the fabric while processing in presence of steam and able to control the shrinkage. In other words, this is a process of compacting the fabric in length ways direction.
What is Mercerization process?
Mercerization is a process in which textiles (typical- ly cotton) are treated with a caustic (NaOH) solution to improve properties such as fiber strength, shrink- age resistance, luster, and dye affinity. The caustic actually rearranges the cellulose molecules in the fiber to produce these changes.
What is Sanforising Why is it done?
Sanforizing is a textile finishing treatment, also called Sanfor ® treatment, carried out in the piece in order to increase the dimensional stability of the fabric when washing, or to prevent the fabrics from shrinking during washing.
What is the function of compacting machine?
The compactor machine is a tubular fabric shrinkage control machine which can compact the fabric in length wise direction, to provide over feed to the fabric while processing in presence of steam, and able to control the shrinkage. In other words, this is a process of compacting the fabric in length ways direction.
What are the types of Mercerization?
Types of Mercerization
- i. Mercerization without tension. Mercerized cotton fibers swell without tension which increases in length and thickness.
- ii. Mercerization under tension.
- iii. Chainless mercerization.
- iv. Chain mercerization.
- v. Cold mercerization.
Is Mercerization permanent?
Mercerization, in textiles, a chemical treatment applied to cotton fibres or fabrics to permanently impart a greater affinity for dyes and various chemical finishes.
How does a stenter machine work?
Continuous drying is done in a stenter frame by convection. Blowers impinge hot air on both the top and bottom of fabric as the fabric passes through the chamber of the machine. Its frames are equipped with an endless chain on each side to grip the fabric by both selvages as it enters chamber.
Where does the word ” stenter ” come from?
Stenter is derived from tenter, which comes from the Latin tendere, to stretch, via a French intermediate. The main purpose of the machine is to stretch and dry. The frames were called tenters and the tentering hooks were the metal hooks used for holding the fabric to the frame. Tenters were used to process woolen fabric.
Which is the best definition of a stenter machine?
Stenter Machine. Stenter machine can be defined as a stente finishing process in which the open width form of the fabric is treated to set up the required width, weight, and fabric texture as per customer’s specification. These requirements from the customer are achieved by a single Stenter machine process (i.e.
What is the purpose of the stentering process?
In other words we can say stentering is done for gripping the edges of a moving web to support the web during heating and stretching operations.
What is the process of stentering in textile?
Stentering Process: Stentering is a mechanical finishing process of textile. It is done for the stretching of fabric by the stenter machine. In other words we can say stentering is done for gripping the edges of a moving web to support the web during heating and stretching operations. Flow Chart of Stentering: