What is an effect of diabetes mellitus?

What is an effect of diabetes mellitus?

The long-term effects of diabetes include damage to large and small blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack and stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, feet and nerves. The good news is that the risk of long-term effects of diabetes can be reduced.

What health problems can type 2 diabetes cause?

You need to keep an eye on your health and have regular check-ups if you have type 2 diabetes because it can lead to:

  • heart disease and stroke.
  • loss of feeling and pain (nerve damage)
  • foot problems – like sores and infections.
  • vision loss and blindness.
  • miscarriage and stillbirth.
  • problems with your kidneys.

What causes mellitus?

Cause of Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes: Your body’s cells don’t allow insulin to work as it should to let glucose into its cells. Your body’s cells have become resistant to insulin. Your pancreas can’t keep up and make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Glucose levels rise in your bloodstream.

What happens if type 2 diabetes is left untreated?

If type 2 diabetes goes untreated, the high blood sugar can affect various cells and organs in the body. Complications include kidney damage, often leading to dialysis, eye damage, which could result in blindness, or an increased risk for heart disease or stroke.

What is it like living with type 2 diabetes?

A: Excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, tiredness, blurred vision or tingling in your hands and feet. It was around Halloween, and I was eating too much candy at the office.

What are the consequences of type 2 diabetes?

Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome ( HHNS ), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.

How does type 2 diabetes affect body systems?

With type 2 diabetes, the muscles and liver that normally take up blood sugar and use it for energy begin to lose their sensitivity to the hormone insulin , a condition known as insulin resistance . The pancreas, which contains the insulin-making beta cells, responds to the body’s insulin resistance by churning out even more of the hormone.

How does type 2 diabetes affect skin health?

Acanthosis nigricans: This condition is most common in people with type 2 diabetes. It causes darkened and thickened skin, especially in skin folds. It looks like a small wart. Skin becomes tan or brown. It’s sometimes slightly raised and may look velvety. It can be found on the sides or back of the neck, the armpits, under the breast, and groin.

How does obesity cause type 2 diabetes?

In obesity, extra fat triggers inflammation by releasing LTB4, which binds to receptors on nearby macrophages and activates them. “This study is important because it reveals a root cause of type 2 diabetes,” said Jerrold M. Olefsky, MD, professor of medicine, associate dean for scientific affairs and senior author of the study.