Popular articles

What is a domus Italica?

What is a domus Italica?

The Domus italica consisted of a fauces (entryway), a central atrium which was open to the sky, an impluvium in the atrium which collected the rain, several cubicula which were small rooms directly off the atrium, the ala which was a religious space or sanctuary, a trinclinium (dining room), a tablinum which was the …

What did Pompeii houses look like?

They usually had porticoes, living rooms and dining rooms, all of which were richly decorated and often surrounded by large gardens adorned with sculptures and fountains. Usually, these villas were built on natural or artificial terraces (basis villae), or on a hillside where panoramic views could be enjoyed.

What is the difference between a villa and a domus?

Villas were larger than domus as countryside offered more space for building residence compared to overly populated cities like Rome, where there was always a dearth of available space. The third part was Villa Fructuaria, where the farm produce was stored. This part also had a temple and a dining room in some cases.

Did houses in Pompeii have glass windows?

The typical house is variable in size and has a rectangular plan. It is almost totally devoid of windows on the outside, since all the rooms face onto the inner courtyards.

What was a peristyle used for?

The origin of the Peristyle An important purpose served by the peristyle was to provide privacy within the crowded cities, while there were few windows opening on the street, light was mainly being obtained from the peristyle garden.

What famous revolt occurred in 73 BC?

It was particularly alarming to Rome because its military seemed powerless to suppress it. The revolt began in 73 BC, with the escape of around 70 slave-gladiators from a gladiator school in Capua; they easily defeated the small Roman force sent to recapture them….Third Servile War.

Date 73–71 BC
Result Roman victory

Did only rich people have mosaics?

The ancient Romans used mosaics mostly to decorate the floors of palaces and villas. Generally, only the wealthy could afford them. Some have also been found on public sidewalks, walls, ceilings and table tops and at public bathes.

Where can you find evidence of domus architecture?

The domus as a general architectural type is long-lived in the Roman world, although some development of the architectural form does occur. While the sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum provide the best surviving evidence for domus architecture, this typology was widespread in the Roman world.

What was the layout of the Domus Italica?

She describes the plan of the ideal domus italica and features two residences that conform to that layout. She then presents the so-called Hellenized domus that incorporates elements of Greek domestic architecture, especially the peristyle court with columns.

Where was the peristyle located in the Roman domus?

Impluvium in atrium, looking through the tablinum toward the peristyle, House of Menander, Pompeii before 79 C.E. (photo: Carole Raddato, CC BY-SA 2.0) Beyond the atrium and tablinum lay the more private part (pars rustica) of the house that was often centered around an open-air courtyard known as the peristyle (no. 11 in the diagram above).

Where does the word domus come from in Slavic languages?

The word dom in modern Slavic languages means “home” and is a cognate of the Latin word, going back to Proto-Indo-European. Along with a domus in the city, many of the richest families of ancient Rome also owned a separate country house known as a villa.