What functional group are alkanes?

What functional group are alkanes?


Name Functional Group Structure Official Name of Example (Common Name) Formal Name Ending
alkane none (all carbon-carbon single bonds) ethane (ethane) -ane endings

Do alkanes lack functional groups?

Alkanes. Alkanes are compounds that consist entirely of atoms of carbon and hydrogen (a class of substances known as hydrocarbons) joined to one another by single bonds. For this reason, alkanes are not formally considered a functional group.

What is the functional group of alkenes?

The C=C bond is the functional group in the alkenes. It is responsible for the typical reactions of alkenes.

Are alkenes considered functional groups?

Alkanes are not usually considered as functional groups; instead, an alkane is a compound that lacks functional groups. The functional group in an alkene is a carbon-carbon double bond. The functional group in an alkyne is a carbon-carbon triple bond.

What are the different types of functional groups?

Functional groups are groups of atoms in hydrocarbons which are responsible for their chemical properties. The types of functional groups include halocarbons, alcohols, ethers, aminoss, aldehydes, ketones, carboxyllic acids and esters. These functional groups are bound to a hydrocarbon structure denoted R.

What is the general structure of an alkene?

Overview of Alkene- Structure When there is one double bond between two C atoms, there are two H atoms less than alkanes. Therefore, the general formula for an alkene is CnH2n. Alkenes are also known as olefins, which are oily liquids because of the first member; ethene forms an oily liquid on reaction with chlorine.

How are alkynes form other functional groups?

Brominate an alkyne to form a tetrabromide. Bromine reacts with the pi bond in alkynes to make the dibromide via the same mechanism as bromine addition to alkenes (think “bromonium

  • Saturate an alkyne to form an alkane.
  • Add one hydrogen molecule to form an alkene.
  • Oxymercurate an alkyne to form a ketone.