What can HVS detect?
|High vaginal swab|
|Swab used for performing a HVS|
|Purpose||Test vaginal discharge|
|Test of||Vaginal thrush, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas vaginalis|
What is HVS routine examination?
Routine examination of high vaginal swabs (HVS) includes microscopy for bacterial vaginosis (BV) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and culture for Candida, Lancefield Groups A, C and G streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus. Endocervical swabs are required for the diagnosis of gonococcal infection.
What does vaginal swab test for NHS?
The swab involves inserting a small cotton bud into the entrance of the vagina and rotating the swab a few times against the walls of your vagina. We will also do a blood test for HIV and syphilis, and occasionally hepatitis B or C.
What is the best treatment for HVS?
Definitive treatment of HVS is treatment of the underlying disorder (eg, chemotherapy). If the underlying disease process is left untreated, the hyperviscosity will recur.
What causes HVS?
The most common causes of vaginal discharge are the normal physiological discharge, bacterial vaginosis and candidal infections. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and non-infective causes should also be considered.
How do you test for HVS?
A sterile cotton swab is inserted into the vagina to obtain a sample of vaginal discharge. While you may feel pressure or discomfort, the test shouldn’t hurt. The doctor will transfer the sample of discharge onto a slide. The slide is examined under a microscope to check for infection.
What is HVS infection?
Hyperviscosity syndrome (HVS) refers to the clinical sequelae of increased blood viscosity. Increased serum viscosity usually results from increased circulating serum immunoglobulins and can be seen in such diseases as Waldenström macroglobulinemia and multiple myeloma.
How long do swab test results take?
Results obtained for less urgent swabs, which usually take 12 hours, may now take up to 24 hours. The duration does not factor in processing time taken for swabbing, logistics and the upload of test results to the National Electronic Health Record system.
Is HVS test painful?
The procedure is not painful, but the speculum may cause discomfort. No risks are associated with the wet mount test. The doctor will use a wet, sterile cotton swab to take a sample of vaginal discharge.
What is HVS disease?
What causes HVS infection?
How is the HVS used in general practice?
The HVS is the mainstay of investigation of vaginal discharge in general practice. Processing of HVS samples varies widely between laboratories. Inclusion of more advice on patient management on laboratory reports would be welcomed by GPs and could be a cheap and effective way of improving patient care.
What’s the response rate to the HVS test?
Results: Response rate was 26%. 72% of GPs would take an HVS and 62% would refer on to a genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic. 45% would offer empirical therapy and 47% of these would treat for candida initially. 75% of GPs routinely request “M,C&S” on HVS samples but 55% only want to be informed about specific pathogens.
Is it possible to deal with the symptoms of HVS?
In fact, dealing with the symptoms of HVS is very much under personal control. For some people that can feel initially disappointing. It can be a relief to feel that a treatment will take away your physical problems. This is not 3 usually the case with HVS.
How to find out if HVS is hiring?
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