What are the different types of ex situ conservation?
2.1. Types of Ex Situ Conservation
- Zoos. Zoos or zoological gardens or zoological parks in which animals are confined within enclosures or semi-natural and open areas, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.
- Captive Breeding.
- Botanical Gardens.
- Gene Banks.
What is in situ and ex situ conservation examples?
In situ Conservation is one of the methods of the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species….Shakeel Anwar.
|In situ Conservation||Ex situ Conservation|
|Example- National parks, biosphere reserves, parks, sanctuaries.||Example- Zoo, aquarium, seed banks, botanical gardens, etc.|
Is botanical garden ex situ conservation?
Botanic gardens conserve plant diversity ex situ and can prevent extinction through integrated conservation action. We reveal that botanic gardens manage at least 105,634 species, equating to 30% of all plant species diversity, and conserve over 41% of known threatened species.
Which of the following is an example of ex situ?
Ex-situ: The conservation of elements of biodiversity out of the context of their natural habitats is referred to as ex-situ conservation. Zoos, botanical gardens and seed banks are all example of ex-situ conservation.
Which is an advantage of ex-situ conservation?
The different advantages of ex-situ conservation are, It gives longer life time and breeding activity to animals. Genetic techniques can be utilized in the process. Captivity breed species can again be reintroduced in the wild.
Is an example of in situ conservation?
In-situ Conservation: The national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserve are some of the examples of in-situ conservation. This method of conservation allows animals flourish in their natural habitat and food chain and offers more mobility to the animals.
What is the difference between in situ & ex situ conservation?
Hint:In-situ conservation means conserving all the living species, especially all the wild and endangered species, in their natural habitats and environment. Ex-situ conservation means conserving all the living species in the man-made / artful habitats that are similar to their natural living habitats.
What is the meaning of ex situ?
Ex-situ (‘off site’, ‘out of place’) conservation is a set of conservation techniques involving the transfer of a target species away from its native habitat to a place of safety, such as a zoological garden, botanical garden or seed bank.
Which is not an example of ex-situ conservation?
Complete answer: Zoological/botanical garden is not included under in situ conservation. In India, ecologically unique and biodiversity-rich regions are legally protected by the forest authorities as biosphere reserves, national parks, and sanctuaries.
Which of the following is in situ conservation?
On-site conservation is called as in-situ conservation, which means conservation of genetic resources in the form of natural populations by establishing biosphere reserves such as national parks and sanctuaries. Practices like horticulture and floriculture also preserve plants in a natural habitat.
What comes under In-situ conservation?
In situ conservation means the conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats and the maintenance and recovery of viable populations of species in their natural surroundings and, in the case of domesticates or cultivated species, in the surroundings where they have developed their distinctive properties.
What is the definition of ex situ conservation?
Ex-situ (‘off site’) conservation is a set of conservation techniques involving the transfer of a target species away from its native habitat. It is one of two basic conservation strategies, alongside in-situ conservation.
Which is an example of in situ conservation in India?
In-situ conservation is being done by declaring area as protected area. In India following types of natural habitats are being maintained: 1. National parks 2. Wildlife sanctuaries 3. Biosphere reserves INDIA has over 600 protected areas, which includes over 90 national parks, over 500 animal sanctuaries and 15 biosphere reserves.
How are ex situ collections of plants established?
Ex-situ collections of plants are established by storing seeds, conserving pollen and through the storage of plant shoots in conditions of slow or suspended growth (in vitro conservation) 2.
How is cryopreservation used in ex situ conservation?
This method can be used for virtually indefinite storage of material without deterioration over a much greater time-period relative to all other methods of ex situ conservation. Cryopreservation is also used for the conservation of livestock genetics through Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources.