What are the differences between the dura mater around the brain and the dura mater around the spinal cord?

What are the differences between the dura mater around the brain and the dura mater around the spinal cord?

First, the dura mater of the spinal cord is composed of just a single layer, rather than two like we described in the brain. Second, the dura mater does not connect to the bones of the vertebra, instead, there is a space between the vertebra and the dura mater called the epidural space.

What are the two layers of the dura mater?

The dura mater is composed of two layers: the periosteal/endosteal layer and the meningeal layer. The dural venous sinuses are between these two layers. The dura folds to form septa that create the falx cerebri, tentorium cerebelli, falx cerebelli, and diaphragma sellae.

How does dura mater protect the brain?

The dura provides the brain and spinal cord with an extra protective layer, helps to keep the CNS from being jostled around by fastening it to the skull or vertebral column, and supplies a complex system of veinous drainage through which blood can leave the brain.

What is the function of dura mater?

The dura mater is a sac that envelops the arachnoid and has been modified to serve several functions. The dura mater surrounds and supports the large venous channels (dural sinuses) carrying blood from the brain toward the heart. The dura mater is partitioned into several septa, which support the brain.

Is the dura mater pain sensitive?

It is currently accepted that intracranial pain-sensitive structures are limited to the dura mater and its feeding vessels and that small cerebral vessels and pia mater are insensitive to pain, which is inconsistent with some neurosurgical observations during awake craniotomy procedures.

What is inside the pia mater?

The term “pia mater” means “tender matter.” It is composed of delicate connective tissue and has many tiny blood vessels. The pia mater is the only layer that clings tightly to the brain and follows all of its convolutions. Cerebral arteries and veins travel in the subarachnoid space, completely enveloped by pia mater.

What is the band of pia mater that attaches dura mater to cord?

The pia mater attaches to the dura mater through 21 pairs of denticulate ligaments that pass through the arachnoid mater and dura mater of the spinal cord. These denticular ligaments help to anchor the spinal cord and prevent side to side movement, providing stability. Sep 24 2019

What is the function of pia mater?

The pia mater is a thin fibrous tissue that is permeable to water and small solutes. The pia mater allows blood vessels to pass through and nourish the brain. The perivascular space between blood vessels and pia mater is proposed to be part of a psuedolymphatic system for the brain (glymphatic system).

What system does the dura mater belong to?

Dura mater In the central nervous system, there are three different layers that cover the spinal cord and brain. These are called the meninges, and their three levels consist of the: pia,…

What is in the dura mater?

The dura mater is the outermost layer of the meninges , lying directly underneath the bones of the skull and vertebral column. It is thick, tough and inextensible. Within the cranial cavity, the dura contains two connective tissue sheets: Periosteal layer – lines the inner surface of the bones of the cranium.