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What are common characteristics of a person with an intellectual disability?

What are common characteristics of a person with an intellectual disability?

For example, children with intellectual disability may:

  • sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.
  • learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking.
  • find it hard to remember things.
  • have trouble understanding social rules.
  • have trouble seeing the results of their actions.
  • have trouble solving problems.

What are the characteristics of severe mental retardation?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What is educable mentally handicapped?

In the field of special education, educable (or “educable intellectual disability”) refers to ID students with IQs of approximately 50–75 who can progress academically to a late-elementary level.

What are the three basic features of mental retardation?

DSM-IV defines mental retardation as significantly subaverage intellectual functioning (i.e., IQ no higher than approximately two standard deviations below the mean), which is accompanied by significant limitations in adaptive functioning in at least two of the following areas: communication, functional academic skills …

How does an intellectual disability affect a person’s life?

Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child.

What is severe in mental retardation?

Definition. Severe Mental Retardation is defined by the presence of significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning as well as significant limitations in adaptive functioning (adaptive behavior) present prior to the age of 18 years.

What are the four classifications of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

How do you teach mentally disabled students?

Teaching strategies

  1. Provide an outline of what will be taught – highlight key concepts and provide opportunities to practise new skills and concepts.
  2. Provide reading lists well before the start of a course so that reading can begin early.
  3. Consider tailoring reading lists and provide guidance to key texts.

How does intellectual disability affect a person?

What does it mean to be mildly intellectually disabled?

The mildly intellectually disabled are considered to be “educable,” meaning that they can achieve academically at about a sixth-grade level.

What is the definition of educable mentally handicapped?

Definition of Educable Mentally Handicapped. Educators and Health care professionals break metal handicap into multiple levels of need, based on the testable IQ of the person in question, and the resulting level of need they experience.

Can a mentally handicapped person live on their own?

Members of the educable slow can, with proper support and effective life skill training become capable of living on their own. Educable mentally handicapped are capable of mastering basic vocational skills. With training, most can become economically self sufficient.

What kind of personality does an intellectually disabled child have?

However, many intellectually disabled children are happy and passive. Like children with average mental abilities, intellectually disabled children have a broad range of personality types, and respond to challenges in their own unique ways.