Is diabetes a CV risk?

Is diabetes a CV risk?

Diabetes is a prime risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Vascular disorders include retinopathy and nephropathy, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), stroke, and coronary artery disease (CAD). Diabetes also affects the heart muscle, causing both systolic and diastolic heart failure.

What is CHD risk equivalent mean?

First, in ATP III, CHD risk equivalent defines the risk of developing a major coronary event (myocardial infarction + coronary death) over 10 years of >20%. The 20% risk was that of patients with stable angina who have not sustained a myocardial infarction (22, 23).

Can diabetes cause heart problems in cats?

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Heart disease and failure are common in diabetic cats. This observation deserves further attention. Diabetes mellitus is common in the cat and the prevalence of this condition appears to be increasing (Peterson 1998, Rand and Marshall 2004, Rand and others 2004).

What is a CHD baby?

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of birth defect. As medical care and treatment have advanced, babies with a CHD are living longer and healthier lives.

Is diabetes in cats preventable?

In some cases, cats develop type 1 diabetes, which can’t be prevented. However, in both types of diabetes, diet plays an important role.

What are the risk factors for diabetes in cats?

In rare cases of uncontrolled diabetes, cats may experience damage to the nerves in the hind limbs, resulting in a “plantegrade” stance of the hind limbs (walking or standing “down in the hocks”). Risk factors for diabetes in cats include obesity, increasing age, physical inactivity, male gender, neutering, and glucocorticoid (steroid) therapy.

Can a diabetic be considered a CAD risk equivalent?

Recent guidelines do not anymore consider diabetes as a CAD risk equivalent and recommend cardiovascular risk stratification for primary prevention. Stratification of diabetic patients improves accuracy in prediction of subclinical CAD, silent ischemia and future cardiovascular events.

When to take your cat to the vet for diabetes?

If your cat is going through any of these changes, they may again show signs of diabetes (drinking, urinating more, etc.). If you’re aware of changes, or notice signs reappear, consult your veterinarian right away.

How does a type 2 diabetes risk calculator work?

This Type 2 diabetes risk calculator evaluates diabetes mellitus risk based on readily available patient data such as age, gender or family history. There is in depth information about the use of the calculator and the formulas employed below the form. How does this Type 2 diabetes risk calculator work?