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How much pollution do factory farms cause?

How much pollution do factory farms cause?

AIR POLLUTION FROM FACTORY FARMS Factory farms (also called concentrated animal feeding operations or CAFOs) produce more than 300 million tons of manure every year, which is more than three times the amount of waste produced by humans.

What type of pollution is runoff from farms?

Agricultural runoff is typically a nonpoint source pollution, which means it is hard to exactly locate where the pollution comes from. This is because the runoff picks up other pollutants throughout its travel until it reaches its final location, typically a body of water.

How does factory farming affect water pollution?

High quantities of nutrients in water from industrial crop fertilizers and animal waste cause excessive aquatic plant growth — a process known as “eutrophication,” which, in turn, causes “hypoxia,” or water that is low in oxygen. Harmful algal blooms (or HABs) occur when aquatic algae grow rapidly out of control.

How are factory farms bad for the environment?

Factory farms contribute to air pollution by releasing compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and methane. The waste lagoons on Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) not only pollute our groundwater, but deplete it as well. Many of the farms use the groundwater for cleaning, cooling, and drinking.

How do you stop farm runoff?

Planting trees, shrubs and grasses along the edges of your fields to add as a conservation buffer can help prevent any runoff.

What are some examples of agricultural runoff?

6 Examples of Agricultural Runoff

  • Sediment. Soil that is washed away from fields.
  • Nutrients. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium from chemical fertilizers and manure.
  • Pathogens. Bacteria, viruses and other harmful organics from sources such as animal waste.
  • Pesticides & Herbicides.
  • Metals.
  • Salts.

What diseases come from factory farms?

Poor sanitation and waste management on factory farms can lead to the contamination of the food supply by bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella. Each year 48 million Americans become ill from foodborne illness, and thousands die.

Are factory farms dirty?

Factory farms, also known as concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), house hundreds or thousands of animals in very small spaces. Many of the animals on factory farms live their entire lives in cramped, dirty conditions just eating and excreting.

What pollution is caused by farms?

On top of all these welfare issues is the pollution produced by dairy farming. Dairy farms emit damaging greenhouse gasses like methane and CO2, accounting for 3.4 percent of global CO2 emissions, more than aviation and shipping combined. Methane pollution is also on the rise as the demand for dairy continues to grow.

What are agricultural pollution and its effects?

Agricultural pollution refers to the contaminants present in the environment as a result of undeveloped practices. Most special effects of agricultural pollution are felt in water environments and are caused by excess from farms in the course of pesticides, fertilizers, and animal waste that make their line of attack into bodies of water.

What can cause a fertilizer runoff?

Excessive irrigation: Excessive irrigation or yard watering can also lead to fertilizer runoff. If agricultural land or garden soil becomes saturated with water, that water will run off to drier land that can absorb more moisture.

What are facts about runoff?

Runoff, run-off or RUNOFF may refer to: RUNOFF, the first computer text-formatting program Runoff or run-off, another name for bleed, printing that lies beyond the edges to which a printed sheet is trimmed Runoff or run-off, a stock market term Runoff curve number, an empirical parameter used in hydrology