Helpful tips

How do you manage a traumatic cardiac arrest?

How do you manage a traumatic cardiac arrest?

Reversible causes of traumatic cardiac arrest should be sought and treated, such as hypoxia treated by oxygenation, tension pneumothorax treated by chest decompression and hypovolaemia treated by rapid infusion of fluid (preferably blood and blood products).

Should you do CPR on a trauma patient?

Conclusion: Although survival after CPR among trauma patients continues to have dismal outcomes, advanced cardiac life support should be initiated regardless of the initial EKG rhythm. Ultimately, both a rapid response time and transport to the ED are of the utmost importance to survival.

When should I withhold resuscitation?

Resuscitation efforts should be withheld in victims of penetrating or blunt trauma with evidence of a significance time lapse since pulselessness, including dependent lividity, rigor mortis, and decomposition.

What is a traumatic cardiac arrest?

Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is a condition in which the heart has ceased to beat due to blunt or penetrating trauma, such as a stab wound to the thoracic area. It is a medical emergency which will always result in death without prompt advanced medical care.

What is the most common cause for cardiac arrest in trauma?

The Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) has published a traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) algorithm in order to prioritise life saving measures and treat reversible causes prior to commencement of chest compressions2. The most common cause of traumatic cardiac arrest death is from haemorrhage3.

Who should never receive CPR?

You should stop giving CPR to a victim if you experience signs of life. If the patient opens their eyes, makes a movement, sound, or starts breathing, you should stop giving compression. However, when you stop and the patient becomes uncurious again, you should resume CPR.

Can I refuse CPR?

Everyone who has capacity to do so can refuse CPR if they wish. This is a choice you can make at any time, for example when you are healthy or when you are approaching the end of your life. You can make it clear to your doctor or medical team that you do not want CPR if your heart or breathing stops.

What is the most common cause of traumatic cardiac arrest?

Why does trauma cause cardiac arrest?

Cardiopulmonary deterioration associated with trauma has several possible causes: Hypoxia secondary to respiratory arrest, airway obstruction, large open pneumothorax, tracheobronchial injury, or thoracoabdominal injury. Injury to vital structures, such as the heart, aorta, or pulmonary arteries.

What is the general procedure for traumatic arrest?

General Procedure for Traumatic arrest: a. Transfer patient onto trauma gurney. b. Continue CPR. c. Do a rapid primary survey. d. Confirm presence or absence of spontaneous cardiac and/or respiratory activity (use cardiac ultrasound to view cardiac motion). e. Do simultaneous orotracheal intubation and IV access.

What should you not do during a traumatic arrest?

Thanks to a suggestion from Melanie, this week I am discussing the management of traumatic arrest. Many things to do in these patients, but two things you definitely should not be doing are closed-chest CPR or giving ACLS medications. We discuss who gets a thoracotomy, what to do if a thoracotomy is not indicated, and when to stop.

Can a person survive a traumatic cardiac arrest?

Survival rates following traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) are known to be poor but resuscitation is not universally futile. There are a number of potentially reversible causes to TCA and a well-defined group of survivors. There are distinct differences in the pathophysiology between medical cardiac arrests and TCA.

How long does it take to get to a trauma center for witnessed arrest?

Distance and time to a trauma center for witnessed arrest patients is vital to the decision to transport, as those patients who have extended transport times (i.e., > 10-15 minutes) will likely not fit into the guidelines for thoracotomy.