Do you need to cite lecture notes?
Tip: Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Follow the format examples for a personal communication in the APA Guide.
How do you cite a lecture in APA in text?
You would reference this source in-text as you normally would by the author’s last name and date. For lecture notes, you would write something like [Lecture notes on key Sophists] in place of the title. Your second choice is to refer to the lecture as personal communication.
How do you cite a PowerPoint in APA in text?
To cite a PowerPoint in text in APA, you include the author and date of the PowerPoint when you are paraphrasing. To make a direct in text citation of a PowerPoint in APA, you include the author, date, and slide number.
How do you format a handout in APA?
Things NeededAuthor’s name.Date of publication.Title of the chapter or handout.Editor’s name.Title of the complete work.Location and Publisher name.URL (if an online handout)
How do you cite a worksheet?
Name of College. (Year). Title of handout in italics [Class handout]. City, ST: Publisher of handout (often the college).
How do you reference an Excel spreadsheet in a paper?
How to Cite MS Excel in LiteratureOpen your word processing software to write your paper. Type “Microsoft Excel” and, in parentheses, “Excel version” as your in-text citation. Do not add an entry for this in-text citation later in your paper in the list of references or bibliography section.
How do you APA cite a PDF?
In an APA citation, cite a PDF the same way you would cite a webpage, and include the PDF link as the URL. In Chicago style, after the title, you can add the same description without brackets (separated by a period).