Why is Athens important in world history?
Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.
Who founded the city of Athens Greece?
According to the Greek mythology, Cecrops, who was half man and half serpent, founded Athens and became the first king. Around the tenth century B.C., the settlers formed twelve cities, of which Athens was always dominant.
When was Athens Greece settled?
3 February 1830
What made Athens so powerful?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
Is Athens the most famous city-state in Greece?
Indeed, the Greeks revolutionized warfare, art, architecture, government, philosophy, and more. Of all the Greeks’ accomplishments, many can be credited to the two most famous city-states of all: Athens and Sparta . The most unique city-state in Ancient Greece was Sparta, which continues to fascinate contemporaneous society.
What was the religion of ancient Athens?
Ancient Greeks Were Polytheistic. The religion of Ancient Greece was classified as polytheistic, which means that they believed in multiple deities. In fact, the gods and goddesses that we know as the Olympian Gods were something that many religious experts accept as being at the core of their belief system.
What was daily life like in ancient Athens?
Daily Life, the people’s prespective. The center of daily life in Athens was the home. Houses were very simple, in comparison to their public places, with few windows, doors, and pieces of furniture. Even food was simple. Bread and wine were served for breakfast and lunch with wine, fruits, vegetables, and fish were for dinner.
Who founded Athens Greece?
Athens Overview. The city of Athens was a city-state in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea on the Greek Peninsula founded in about 3000 BCE by Theseus, the king who united the mountainous villages that became Athens.