Who is Pandarus in Troilus and Criseyde?
Both Pandarus and other characters in the medieval narrative who carry names from the Iliad are quite different from Homer’s characters of the same name. In Geoffrey Chaucer’s poem Troilus and Criseyde (1370), Pandarus plays the same role, though Chaucer’s Pandarus is Criseyde’s uncle, not her cousin.
Who does Pandarus shoot?
After being tricked by the goddess Athena, Pandarus shoots an arrow at Menelaus, hoping to gain honor. Instead, this action leads immediately to fighting. Later, Pandarus tries to kill the Achaean hero Diomedes.
What did Pandarus do in the Trojan War?
Pandarus, in Greek legend, son of Lycaon, a Lycian. In Homer’s Iliad, Book IV, Pandarus breaks the truce between the Trojans and the Greeks by treacherously wounding Menelaus, the king of Sparta; he is ultimately slain by the warrior Diomedes.
Can we consider Pandarus as a villain?
Pandarus (the very etymology of the word “pander”) becomes the star of what should be a love story about Troilus and Criseyde. Instead, Chaucer spends the poem developing Pandarus’ character. He does so to create the greatest villain of his time.
Why does Cressida betray Troilus?
Troilus allows Cressida to be taken to the Greek camp where she does not want to go because she will be away from him. He leaves Cressida to feel lonely and because of these conditions she is weak under pressure which leads her to be unfaithful.
What is the meaning of pandarus?
Pandarus in American English (ˈpændərəs) noun. Classical Mythology. a Trojan who attempted to assassinate Menelaus, thereby violating a truce between the Greeks and the Trojans and prolonging the Trojan War: in Chaucerian and other medieval accounts, he is the procurer of Cressida for Troilus.
Who is the last person Achilles kills?
In the final year of the conflict, Priam saw 13 sons die: the Greek warrior Achilles killed Polydorus, Lycaon, and Hector within one day. The death of Hector, which signified the end of Troy’s hopes, also broke the spirit of the king.
Why does Hector berate Paris?
Hector leaves to find Paris, who is sitting in his bedroom with Helen. Hector is angry with Paris because men are fighting for him and he is not out fighting among them. Paris says he will go fight when he has on his armor, and tells Hector to go on ahead.
What did Diomedes do?
Diomedes was the commander of 80 Argive ships and one of the most respected leaders in the Trojan War. His famous exploits include the wounding of Aphrodite, the slaughter of Rhesus and his Thracians, and seizure of the Trojan Palladium, the sacred image of the goddess Pallas Athena that protected Troy.
Does Cressida cheat on Troilus?
Cressida is unfaithful to Troilus the first night they are apart and leaves him heartbroken even after he expresses his deep love for her. She also confesses her undying love for Troilus and promises to stay true to him.
What kind of character is Pandarus in Troilus and Cressida?
When his linguistic fireworks fail at the end of the story, the proverb and human rhetoric in general are questioned as reliable means of communication. William Shakespeare used the medieval story again in his play Troilus and Cressida (1609). Shakespeare’s Pandarus is more of a bawd than Chaucer’s, and he is a lecherous and degenerate individual.
Who is Pandarus in the Iliad and Iliad?
Pandarus /ˈpændərəs/ or Pandar /ˈpændər/ ( Ancient Greek: Πάνδαρος Pándaros) is a Trojan aristocrat who appears in stories about the Trojan War. In Homer’s Iliad he is portrayed as an energetic and powerful warrior, but in medieval literature he becomes a witty and licentious figure who facilitates the affair between Troilus…
Who are the Trojan lords that pass by Troilus?
As they converse, several Trojan lords pass by them returning from battle, including Antenor, Aeneas, Hector, and Paris; Pandarus praises each one, but tells his niece that none of them can match Troilus. He then leaves Cressida, promising to bring a token from Troilus.
Where does Troilus and Cressida take place in the Iliad?
Troilus and Cressida is set during the later years of the Trojan War, faithfully following the plotline of the Iliad from Achilles ‘ refusal to participate in battle, to Hector ‘s death. Essentially, two plots are followed in the play. In one, Troilus, a Trojan prince (son of Priam), woos Cressida, another Trojan.