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What is the product of calcium phosphate?

What is the product of calcium phosphate?

Calcium phosphate product (Ca x Pi) is a clinically relevant tool to estimate the cardiovascular risk of patients with renal failure. In reports, mostly total serum calcium has been used.

What does phosphorus and calcium make?

Calcium and phosphate are both minerals that are important for you to be healthy. Together, they help build strong bones and teeth, and also play a role in cell and nerve function. Your kidneys and your parathyroid glands keep both phosphate and calcium at healthy levels.

What is a normal calcium phosphate product?

In healthy subjects, serum calcium is usually in the range of 8.5–10.5 mg/dL (2.1–2.6 mmol/L) and serum level of phosphorus between 2.5 and 4.5 mg/dL (0.81–1.45 mmol/L) [5].

How are calcium and phosphorus related?

The amount of phosphate in the blood affects the level of calcium in the blood. Calcium and phosphate in the body react in opposite ways: as blood calcium levels rise, phosphate levels fall. A hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates the levels of calcium and phosphorus in your blood.

Where is calcium phosphate found?

Calcium phosphate (CaP) is the main mineral found in human bone and teeth and is considered as a highly biocompatible inorganic biomaterial (LeGeros, 2008).

Can low calcium affect kidneys?

A serum calcium that is either too low or too high can be dangerous and both conditions need treatment. But patients with low serum calcium, even levels at the lower end of normal, have been found to reach kidney failure faster than people with higher serum calcium levels.

Is calcium a phosphate binder?

Calcium carbonate is the most commonly used phosphate binder, but clinicians are increasingly prescribing the more expensive, non-calcium-based phosphate binders, particularly sevelamer.

Do you need phosphorus to absorb calcium?

New research shows calcium needs phosphorus to maximize its bone-strengthening benefits, and taking a lot of calcium supplements without enough phosphorus could be a waste of money.

What is the difference between calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate?

In general, calcium carbonate is the most constipating supplement, but it contains the highest amount of calcium and is the least expensive. Calcium phosphate does not cause gas or constipation, but it is more expensive than calcium carbonate.

What should calcium phosphate product be less than 55?

Calcium-Phosphate Product and Its Significance In CKD. If Calcium phosphate product is more than 55, it means you shouldn’t give calcium-based phosphate binders such as calcium acetate, instead start the patient on Sevelamer. But if Calcium phosphate product is less than 55 then give patient calcium acetate as a phosphate binder.

Which is the best phosphate binder for calcium phosphate?

If Calcium phosphate product is > 55 give Sevelamer as a phosphate binder. If Calcium phosphate product is < 55 give Calcium acetate as a phosphate binder.

How is the phate of phosphate and calcium related?

phate concentration (in millimoles per liter) vary inconsistently from 130 to 1704 and from 100 to 1905 as calcium concentration decreases and phosphate concentration increases. This is why a single product should not be used as a sole criterion for judging compatibility.

How are calcium phosphates and monobasic phosphates compatible?

Chemistry and Water Solubility of Phosphates and Calcium Phosphates Ion or Salta Names Solubility (mg/mL)5,10 H 2 PO 4 –-b HPO 4 2– Ca[H 2 PO 4] 2 CaHPO 4 Monobasic phosphate, dihydrogen phosphate Dibasicd phosphate Monobasic calcium phosphate, calcium dihydrogen phosphate Dibasic calcium phosphate, calcium monohydrogen phosphate NAc NA 18 0.3