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What is the plant life in the Amazon rainforest?

What is the plant life in the Amazon rainforest?

These include bromeliads, palms, epiphytes, vines, ferns, lilies, orchids and trees (see Trees). Very diverse assemblages can exist at relatively small scales – for example, 1,000 vascular plant species have been identified within a single hectare in Amazonian Ecuador [2].

Why is the Amazon rainforest significant to plants and animals?

The Amazon’s plants play an active role in regulating the ecosystem. As plants in the Amazon photosynthesize, they create their own weather. Through a process called transpiration, plants release water vapor from pores along the underside of their leaves.

How many species of plants and animals are in the Amazon rainforest?

The Amazon Rainforest and Biodiversity Over 3 million species live in the rainforest, and over 2,500 tree species (or one-third of all tropical trees that exist on earth) help to create and sustain this vibrant ecosystem.

What are 5 plants that live in the Amazon rainforest?

10 Amazon Rainforest Plants

  • Giant Water Lily, Victoria Amazonica.
  • Heliconia, Heliconia latispatha.
  • Cacao, Theobroma cacao.
  • Passion flower, Passiflora edulis.
  • Coffee Plant, Coffea arabica.
  • Monkey Brush Vines, Combretum rotundifolium.
  • Orchid, Orchidaceae.

What happens if we lose the Amazon rainforest?

If the Amazon rainforest is destroyed, rainfall will decrease around the forest region. This would cause a ripple effect, and prompt an additional shift in climate change, which would result in more droughts, longer dry spells, and massive amounts of flooding.

What is the rarest plant in the Amazon rainforest?

Rafflesia Flower This Amazon rain forest flower is considered one of the rarest and most endangered plants in the world.

What do plants and animals live in the Amazon rainforest?

Heliconia (Heliconia latispatha)

  • Orchid (unranked)
  • Cacao (Theobroma cacao)
  • Passion Flower (Passiflora edulis)
  • Giant Water Lily (Victoria Amazonica)
  • Bromeliad (unranked)
  • Coffee Plant (Coffea arabica)
  • Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis)
  • Banana (Musa sp.)
  • Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
  • What plants grow in the Amazon rainforest?

    Plants that grow in the Amazon rainforest include herbaceous, perennials and bulbous flowering plants, shrubs, vines, ferns and lilies. Many plants grow on trees in the rainforest’s upper canopy, including epiphytes such as orchids and bromeliads.

    What trees live in Amazon?

    The cumaceba tree (Swartzia polyphylla) is used to make arrowheads by some Amazon communities. The trees grow to around 15 meters (49 ft) tall and live throughout the Amazon Rainforest. Some remain in the understory while others grow into the canopy. The bark is also used in traditional medicine. Mountain Soursop

    What mammals live in the Amazon rainforest?

    The Amazon Rainforest is home to 427 mammal species, 1,300 bird species, 378 species of reptiles, and more than 400 species of amphibians. Some of the animals that live in the Amazon Rainforest include jaguars, sloths, river dolphins, macaws, anacondas, glass frogs, and poison dart frogs.