What is the mechanism of action of macrolides?

What is the mechanism of action of macrolides?

The mechanism of action of macrolides revolves around their ability to bind the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit causing the cessation of bacterial protein synthesis.

What are the importance of structure activity relationship in pharmacy?

Structure Activity Relationships (SAR) can be used to predict biological activity from molecular structure. This powerful technology is used in drug discovery to guide the acquisition or synthesis of desirable new compounds, as well as to further characterize existing molecules.

How do macrolides exert their antibacterial activity?

Macrolide antibiotics have bacteriostatic activity and exert their antibacterial action by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit of susceptible organisms, resulting in inhibition of protein synthesis.

Which is structural moiety present in macrolide antibiotics?

Macrolide antibiotics are classified according to the size of the macrocyclic lactone ring as being either 12‐, 14‐, 15‐ or 16‐membered ring macrolides (Figure 1). The majority of macrolides contain amino sugar and/or neutral sugar moieties connected to the lactone ring via a glycosylic bond.

What is the mechanism of action of chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol diffuses through the bacterial cell wall and reversibly binds to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit. The binding interferes with peptidyl transferase activity, thereby prevents transfer of amino acids to the growing peptide chains and blocks peptide bond formation.

Why is Structure-Activity Relationship Important?

Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) is perhaps the most important concept in drug development. Medicinal chemists can “read” SAR like a travel guide. Establishing SAR informs precisely those positions on a molecule where one can modify, to improve certain properties, including: solubility.

What is Structure-Activity Relationship explain?

The structure–activity relationship (SAR) is the relationship between the chemical structure of a molecule and its biological activity. This allows modification of the effect or the potency of a bioactive compound (typically a drug) by changing its chemical structure.

How do macrolides affect bacteria?

Macrolides work by binding to a specific subunit of ribosomes (sites of protein synthesis) in susceptible bacteria, thereby inhibiting the formation of bacterial proteins. In most organisms this action inhibits cell growth; however, in high concentrations it can cause cell death.

Which are macrolide antibiotics?

Macrolides are a class of antibiotic that includes erythromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin. They are useful in treating respiratory, skin, soft tissue, sexually transmitted, H. pylori and atypical mycobacterial infections.

Which group is present in macrolide?

Macrolides belong to a large family of drugs called macrocyclic antibiotics, that can be divided into four groups: macrolactamas or ansamycins, polyene macrolides, macrolide-like compounds and macrolide antibiotics.

What is the function of chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic. It’s mainly used to treat eye infections (such as conjunctivitis) and sometimes ear infections. Chloramphenicol comes as eye drops or eye ointment.