What is Subgaleal haemorrhage?
Subgaleal haemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal medical emergency1. Haemorrhage occurs into the loose connective tissue within the subgaleal space and can cause hypovolaemia. Neonates can lose 50-70% of their circulating blood volume into this space5 leading to hypovolemic shock, anaemia, coagulopathy and death.
How do you treat a Subgaleal hemorrhage?
Treatment for a subgaleal hematoma is aimed at resolving the symptoms of blood loss and assuring that the infant returns to a stable condition. This often includes volume resuscitation and blood transfusions to correct ongoing bleeding (1, 3).
What is Subgaleal hemorrhage in newborn?
Subgaleal hemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal condition found in newborns. 1. It is caused by rupture of the emissary veins, which are connections between the dural sinuses and the scalp veins. Blood accumulates between the epicranial aponeurosis of the scalp and the periosteum.
What causes a Subgaleal hemorrhage?
Subgaleal hemorrhage is a rare but potentially lethal condition found in newborns. It is caused by rupture of the emissary veins, which are connections between the dural sinuses and the scalp veins. Blood accumulates between the epicranial aponeurosis of the scalp and the periosteum.
What does it mean to have A subgaleal hemorrhage?
He did have a ” subgaleal hemorrhage ” on the back of his scalp, the autopsy report says. A subgaleal hemorrhage is a large collection of blood in the soft tissue space between the galea aponeurotica and the skull’s periosteum. Subgaleal hemorrhage in the newborn infant associated with silicone elastomer vacuum extractor.
Which is the best method for subgaleal fluid collection?
An ultrasound is safe and is a simple method to confirm subgaleal fluid collection. It however cannot give information regarding the nature of the fluid. To further delineate the nature of the fluid, MRI is considered the best modality. It is best to avoid a head CT due to unnecessary radiation in this age group.
Where is the subgaleal space located in the universe?
Located below the galea aponeurotica and covering the same massive space is the subgaleal, or subaponeurotic, space.1
How often does subgaleal hematoma occur in humans?
Subgaleal hematoma describes scalp bleeding in the potential space between the periosteum and the galea aponeurosis. It is a rare but possibly lethal emergency. Moderate to severe presentations occur in 1.5 of 10,000 live births.