What is phenol?

What is phenol?

phenol, any of a family of organic compounds characterized by a hydroxyl (―OH) group attached to a carbon atom that is part of an aromatic ring. Phenols are similar to alcohols but form stronger hydrogen bonds. Thus, they are more soluble in water than are alcohols and have higher boiling points.

What is a phenol and example?

Phenol is an aromatic compound. The chemical formula of this organic compound is C6H6O. It consists of a hydroxyl group and phenyl group attached to each other. It considerably dissolves in water. Earlier it was used as carbolic soap.

What is phenol function?

Phenol in low concentrations is used as a disinfectant in household cleaners and mouthwash. Phenol used as a slimicide (a chemical toxic to bacteria and fungi characteristic of aqueous slimes) is a type of disinfectant. The largest single use of phenol is as an intermediate in the production of phenolic resins.

Is phenol toxic to humans?

Exposure to phenol may occur from the use of some medicinal products (including throat lozenges and ointments). Phenol is highly irritating to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in humans after acute (short-term) inhalation or dermal exposures. Phenol is considered to be quite toxic to humans via oral exposure.

What is another name for phenol?

Carbolic acid

Other names Carbolic acid Phenylic acid Hydroxybenzene Phenic acid
CAS Number 108-95-2
3D model (JSmol) Interactive image

What products contain phenols?

High phenol foods include tomatoes, apples, peanuts, bananas, oranges, cocoa, red grapes, colored fruits (e.g., cranberries), and milk. These compounds may also be a contaminant in packaged foods, as these compounds are used in can liners and foil wraps.

What happens if we consume phenol?

Gastrointestinal. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea are common symptoms after exposure to phenol by any route. Ingestion of phenol can also cause severe corrosive injury to the mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach, with bleeding, perforation, scarring, or stricture formation as potential sequelae.

What is the difference between alcohol and phenol?

Moreover, in phenols, the hydroxyl group is directly bonded to the aromatic ring and not the carbon atom….

Difference Between Alcohol and Phenol
Alcohols show no impact or reaction during tests as they are mostly neutral. Phenol can change litmus paper red as they are acidic in nature.

Is a phenol an alcohol?

Phenols have unique properties and are not classified as alcohols. They have higher acidities due to the aromatic ring’s tight coupling with the oxygen and a relatively loose bond between the oxygen and hydrogen.

What are the uses of phenol?

Phenol is commonly used in surgeries for ingrown toenails. It’s used on more severe ingrown toenails that don’t respond to other treatments. The phenol, in the form of trichloroacetic acid, is used to stop the nail from growing back.

What are some examples of a phenol?

Protocatechuic acid (PCA)

  • p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA)
  • Vanillic acid
  • Caffeic acid
  • p-Coumaric acid
  • Ferulic acid
  • Syringic acid
  • Sinapinic acid
  • What is the common name of phenol?

    Common name of Phenol is Carbolic Acid. By definition, phenol is hydroxybenzene. Phenol is a common name for the compound. Its IUPAC name would be benzenol, derived in the same manner as the IUPAC names for aliphatic alcohols.

    What is the difference between phenol and anisole?

    As nouns the difference between anisole and phenol is that anisole is (organic compound) the aromatic ether methoxybenzene ; it is used in perfumery and in organic synthesis; and derivative of this compound while phenol is (organic compound|uncountable) a caustic, poisonous, white crystalline compound, c 6 h 5 oh, derived from benzene and used in resins, plastics, and pharmaceuticals and in