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What is meant by pulse width modulation?

What is meant by pulse width modulation?

Pulse width modulation (PWM) is a modulation technique that generates variable-width pulses to represent the amplitude of an analog input signal. PWM is widely used in ROV applications to control the speed of a DC motor and/or the brightness of a lightbulb.

How does pulse width modulation work?

As its name suggests, pulse width modulation speed control works by driving the motor with a series of “ON-OFF” pulses and varying the duty cycle, the fraction of time that the output voltage is “ON” compared to when it is “OFF”, of the pulses while keeping the frequency constant.

What is pulse modulation used for?

Pulse modulation methods are used to transfer a narrowband analog signal, such as a phone call, over a pulse stream. Some schemes use a digital signal for transmission, making them essentially an analog-to-digital conversion.

What is meant by pulse modulator?

A device that converts an analog information signal to a pulse format. A pulse modulator encodes the amplitude information at a particular time by a set of short- or long-duration pulses using such methods as pulse-amplitude, pulse-width, pulse-position, pulse-density, or pulse-code modulation.

What is need for modulation?

The signals within 20 Hz to 20 kHz frequency range can travel only a few distances. To send the message signal, the length of the antenna should be a quarter wavelength of the used frequency. Thus, modulation is required to increase the frequency of the message signal and to enhance its strength to reach the receiver.

How do you control PWM fans?

The PWM signal is the control input of the PWM fan. The control input is usually an open-drain or open-collector output with a 5 V or 3.3 V pull-up. The PWM control signals are square waves of high frequency, usually 25kHz or above, to make the noise from the fan above the audible human range.

What are the different types of pulse modulation?

Types of Pulse modulation. 1 Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) It is the simplest form of Pulse Modulation. In this type of modulation, each sample is made proportional to the 2 Pulse Time Modulation (PTM) 3 Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) 4 Delta Modulation.

How is a pulse width modulation signal generated?

And therefore the heat produced is almost zero in such systems. A pulse width modulation signal can be generated by a sawtooth waveform as well as using a comparator. Pulse width modulation makes use of a rectangular pulse wave of which the pulse width is modulated.

How is the carrier pulse modulated in Pam?

In pulse amplitude modulation (PAM), the information, signal is sampled at the sampling rate and the carrier pulse In pulse is discretely amplitude – modulated at the sampling frequency. For faithful transmission, the signal should It-119 The information is transferred to e sampled sufficiently. the pulse at the sampling frequency.

What are the disadvantages of pulse modulation?

Disadvantages of Pulse Position Modulation. In order to have proper detection of the signal at the receiver, transmitter and receiver must be in synchronization. The bandwidth requirement is large. Applications of Pulse Position Modulation. The technique is used in an optical communication system, in radio control and in military applications.