What is Craniocaudal and Mediolateral oblique?
Screening is conducted on two views for each of the left and right breasts. The craniocaudal (CC) view which is a top-bottom view of the breast and the mediolateral oblique (MLO) view which is a side view of the breast taken at a certain angle.
What is MLO view on a mammogram?
The mediolateral oblique (MLO) view is one of the two standard mammographic views, alongside the craniocaudal (CC) view. It is the most important projection as it allows depiction of most breast tissue.
What is medial oblique?
The medial oblique projection is part of the three view series examining the phalanges, metatarsals and tarsal bones that make up the foot.
What is the CC view?
The craniocaudal view (CC view), along with the MLO view, is one of the two standard projections in a screening mammography. It must show the medial part as well the external lateral portion of the breast as much as possible.
Should I worry about focal asymmetry?
If your mammogram report talks about asymmetry or if you need a follow-up study due to asymmetry, there’s no need to worry. You may simply have more tissue in one breast than another (global asymmetry), or in one spot (focal nodular asymmetry).
How is tomosynthesis done?
Taking the image: During tomosynthesis, the X-ray tube moves in an arc around the breast. Over 7 seconds, the machine takes about 11 images of thin slices of the breast from different angles. The machine then transmits the information to a computer, which assembles the data to produce 3-D images of the breast.
What does asymmetry in left breast mean?
Breast asymmetry occurs when one breast has a different size, volume, position, or form from the other. Breast asymmetry is very common and affects more than half of all women. There are a number of reasons why a woman’s breasts can change in size or volume, including trauma, puberty, and hormonal changes.
Is asymmetry a mass?
By definition, a focal asymmetric density is seen on two mammographic views but cannot be accurately identified as a true mass (,,,Fig 4). Although a focal asymmetric density may represent normal breast tissue, further evaluation is often warranted to exclude a true mass or architectural distortion.
What structure is best demonstrated on a medial oblique elbow?
The elbow medial oblique view is a specialized projection, utilized to demonstrate both the coronoid process in profile and the olecranon process sitting within the olecranon fossa of the humerus.
What is an AP oblique projection?
The AP oblique cervical spine projections are supplementary views to the standard AP, odontoid and lateral images in the cervical spine series and are always done bilaterally for comparison purposes.
What is the chief disadvantage of using MRI as a breast screening tool?
The one disadvantage to breast MRI is that it can be too sensitive and can pick up normal tissue, which can lead to additional studies and negative biopsies.
Is Focal asymmetry a mass?
Where does the baby’s head go during an oblique lie?
More specifically, Thomas Ruiz, MD, an OB-GYN at MemorialCare Orange Coast Medical Center, says an oblique lie is when the baby’s head is just to the side of the pelvic inlet.
When to change the angle of the mediolateral oblique?
It must be noted that the standard 45° is not always suitable for all women. In certain disease processes, the angle can be altered to between 40° and 60°, to maximize the quality of imaging. Examples of conditions that require angle change includes scapula-humeral disease , kyphosis, scoliosis, pectus.
What do you mean by oblique lie in pregnancy?
Before we dive into the specifics of an oblique lie, it’s important to describe, in general, what we’re talking about when we say “fetal lie.” When a doctor or midwife describes the lie of your baby, they’re technically describing the relationship between your long axis and the baby’s long axis. In other words, the baby’s position in your belly.
When do you need a cesarean for an oblique lie?
As you near the end of your pregnancy, your doctor will keep a close eye on the fetal position and recommend interventions if the baby is in an oblique lie. Like other fetal positions, an oblique lie may require a cesarean delivery if the baby doesn’t move into a head-down position before you go into labor.