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What is alpha ferrite used for?

What is alpha ferrite used for?

Ferrite, also known as α-ferrite (α-Fe) or alpha iron, is a materials science term for pure iron, with a body-centered cubic B.C.C crystal structure. It is this crystalline structure which gives steel and cast iron their magnetic properties, and is the classic example of a ferromagnetic material.

What are the two allotropes of iron?

At atmospheric pressure, three allotropic forms of iron exist: alpha iron (α-Fe), gamma iron (γ-Fe), and delta iron (δ-Fe). At very high pressure, a fourth form exists, called epsilon iron (ε-Fe).

What are the names of the three types of iron carbon solid solutions and what are their crystal structures?

The three solid forms are known as δ-iron, γ-iron and α-iron, respectively. Addition of carbon and other alloying elements in steels leads to formation of solid solutions based on these structures or phases; in addition, C forms cementite (Fe3C) and various other carbide phases.

What is Gamma ferrite?

The gamma phase is called austenite. Austenite is a high temperature phase and has a Face Centred Cubic (FCC) structure [which is a close packed structure]. The alpha phase is called ferrite. Ferrite is a common constituent in steels and has a Body Centred Cubic (BCC) structure [which is less densely packed than FCC].

Is ferrite a permanent magnet?

Ferrite Magnets are also termed Ceramic, Feroba Magnets and Hard Ferrite Magnets. They are one of the most widely used permanent magnet materials in the world. Ferrite magnets are a low cost magnet material perfectly suited for higher volume production runs.

Is alpha ferrite magnetic?

Alpha iron is an allotrope of iron with a body-centered cubic (BCC) crystalline structure. It is a ferromagnetic material that generates magnetic properties due to its crystalline nature. It is structurally stable below 910°C (1,670°F) and highly irregular after this upper temperature boundary.

Which is closest to the purest form of the iron?

Wrought iron
> The purest form of iron is Wrought iron. It is an alloy of iron with very low carbon content when compared with cast iron. It is a semi-fused mass of iron which has fibrous slag inclusions. Wrought iron is tough, malleable, ductile and can be easily welded.

What are the four types of cast iron?

There are four basic types of cast iron – white iron, gray iron, ductile iron and malleable iron

  • white iron.
  • gray iron.
  • ductile iron.
  • malleable iron.

At what temperature does δ ferrite melt?

As the name suggests, it is a liquid solution of carbon in iron. As we know that δ-ferrite melts at 1538°C, it is evident that melting temperature of iron decreases with increasing carbon content.

Is ferrite harder than Cementite?

Cementite is harder and stronger than ferrite but is much less malleable, so that vastly differing mechanical properties are obtained by varying the amount of carbon.

Is pearlite stronger than ferrite?

Pearlite: Mixture of Ferrite and Cementite (alternately arranged as like pearls) Soft Phase than Austenite but posses better strength than Ferrite.

How strong is ferrite magnet?

The strength of ferrite and ceramic magnet is measured through a unit called a Tesla. The strongest magnetic field of a ferrite magnet is considered to be 0.35 Tesla. A ferrite magnet is able to complete within its magnetic field is up to 160 kiloampere tpm, or up to 2000 oersteds.

What are the different forms of Alpha ferrite?

Iron is known to exist in three different forms at atmospheric pressure. These are Alpha Ferrite, Gamma Iron or Austenite and Delta Iron. What separates these forms of Iron is the temperatures at which they are stable and the structure of the crystal lattice of Iron at these conditions.

What kind of magnetic properties does ferrite have?

Ferrites are, like most other ceramics, hard and brittle. In terms of their magnetic properties, the different ferrites are often classified as “soft” or “hard”, which refers to their low or high magnetic coercivity. In pure iron, ferrite is stable below 910 °C (1,670 °F).

What kind of allotrope is gamma phase iron?

Austenite, also known as gamma-phase iron (γ-Fe), is a metallic, non-magnetic allotrope of iron or a solid solution of iron, with an alloying element.

How much of carbon can alpha ferrite dissolve?

Alpha Ferrite can only dissolve up to 0.02 percent of Carbon at 727 degree Celcius. This is because of the configuration of the iron lattice which forms a BCC crystal structure. BCC stands for Body Centred Cubic structure in which there is an iron atom present in the center of a unit cell and at each corner of the cell.