What is a scientific theory in simple terms?

What is a scientific theory in simple terms?

A theory is a carefully thought-out explanation for observations of the natural world that has been constructed using the scientific method, and which brings together many facts and hypotheses. A scientist makes an observation of a natural phenomenon.

What is a good example of a scientific theory?

A scientific theory is a broad explanation that is widely accepted because it is supported by a great deal of evidence. Examples of theories in physical science include Dalton’s atomic theory, Einstein’s theory of gravity, and the kinetic theory of matter.

What are 5 examples of scientific theories?

Examples of scientific theories in different areas of science include:

  • Astronomy: Big Bang Theory.
  • Biology: Cell Theory; Theory of Evolution; Germ Theory of Disease.
  • Chemistry: Atomic Theory; Kinetic Theory of Gases.
  • Physics: General Relativity; Special Relativity; Theory of Relativity; Quantum Field Theory.

What are 10 scientific theories?


  • Big Bang Theory.
  • Hubble’s Law of Cosmic Expansion.
  • Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion.
  • Universal Law of Gravitation.
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion.
  • Laws of Thermodynamics.
  • Archimedes’ Buoyancy Principle.
  • Evolution and Natural Selection.

What is the difference between an everyday theory and a scientific theory?

In everyday use, the word “theory” often means an untested hunch, or a guess without supporting evidence. But for scientists, a theory has nearly the opposite meaning. Scientific theories are testable. New evidence should be compatible with a theory.

What is difference between scientific law and theory?

A scientific law predicts the results of certain initial conditions. It might predict your unborn child’s possible hair colors, or how far a baseball travels when launched at a certain angle. In contrast, a theory tries to provide the most logical explanation about why things happen as they do.

What is a good scientific theory?

A good theory, like Newton’s theory of gravity, has unity, which means it consists of a limited number of problem-solving strategies that can be applied to a wide range of scientific circumstances. Another feature of a good theory is that it formed from a number of hypotheses that can be tested independently.

What is the hardest scientific theory?

These are 10 of those theories, which are incredibly hard to understand.

  • Simulacra and Simulations.
  • The Dichotomy Paradox.
  • Vasiliev Equations.
  • Maxwell’s Equations.
  • Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem.
  • The Theory of General Relativity.
  • Quantum Mechanics.
  • We Live on the Event Horizon of a Four Dimensional Black Hole.

What are the top 10 revolutionary scientific theories?

Top 10 revolutionary scientific theories

  • General relativity: Einstein, 1915.
  • Quantum theory: Max Planck, Einstein, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Erwin Schrödinger, Max Born, Paul Dirac, 1900–1926.
  • Evolution by natural selection: Charles Darwin, 1859.
  • Heliocentrism: Copernicus, 1543.

What do you need to know about science for Dummies?

GED Science For Dummies. Theory: An explanation of a wide range of observations presented in a concise, coherent, systematic, predictive, and broadly applicable statement. A theory explains why a certain thing or condition is the way it is. A theory can’t be considered to have been proven by the results of a single experiment.

How are theories used in the scientific method?

A theory is a detailed explanation of the phenomenon. It consists of one or more hypotheses that have been supported through repeated testing. Theories are widely accepted as true in the scientific community, but in order to hold that status, they must never have been proven wrong.

Do you dismiss scientific theories as irrelevant hunches?

The general public often dismisses scientific theories as irrelevant hunches that scientists have. In the world of science, however, a theory is an interpretation of the facts. Although the theory is subject to change, it’s not a willy-nilly guess.

What do you need to know about scientific theories and laws?

Think of hypotheses, theories, and laws as a hierarchy of truth: Hypothesis: An explanation of a limited number of observations based on experience, background knowledge, and logic. Theory: An explanation of a wide range of observations presented in a concise, coherent, systematic, predictive, and broadly applicable statement.