What is a Salter-Harris Type 1 injury?
Type 1. This fracture occurs when a force hits the growth plate separating the rounded edge of the bone from the bone shaft. It’s more common in younger children. About 5 percent of Salter-Harris fractures are type 1.
How long does it take for a Salter-Harris type 1 fracture to heal?
Healing usually takes about 4-6 weeks, at which time it will be safe for your child to return to sports and activities. It is very rare for a Salter-Harris I fracture to cause problems with the growth of the distal fibula (less than 1% of fractures).
What are the 5 types of Salter-Harris fractures?
- Salter I (Slipped) This is when the fracture line extends through the physis or within the growth plate.
- Salter II (Above) These are when the fracture extends through both the physis and metaphysis.
- Salter III (Lower)
- Salter IV (Through/Transverse)
- Salter V (Rammed/Ruined)
How do you treat a Salter-Harris fracture?
How is a Salter-Harris fracture treated?
- Prescription pain medicine may be given.
- A cast or splint may be used to help prevent movement in the injured area until more treatment is done.
- Surgery may be needed to repair certain types of Salter-Harris fractures.
When do you use Salter-Harris classification?
The Salter-Harris classification was proposed by Salter and Harris in 1963 1 and at the time of writing (June 2016) remains the most widely used system for describing physeal fractures.
What is a Salter-Harris type fracture?
A Salter-Harris fracture is a fracture in the growth plate of a child’s bone. A growth plate is a layer of growing tissue close to the ends of a child’s bone. It’s very important to get this condition diagnosed since it can affect a child’s growth.
What is a Salter-Harris IV fracture?
Salter-Harris type IV fractures are relatively uncommon injuries that occur in children. They are intra-articular injuries in which the fracture extends through the epiphysis, across the physis and through the metaphysis. Salter-Harris fractures are a group childhood injuries where a fracture involves the physis.
Do you need a cast for a fractured growth plate?
Growth plate fractures are generally treated with splints or casts. Sometimes, the bone may need to be put back in place to allow it to heal in the correct position.
How do you treat a Salter-Harris Type 2 fracture?
Type I and II fractures are often treated with a closed reduction, which involves setting a bone back in place without surgery. After realignment of the bone, a cast or splint is typically applied to keep the bone stable so it may heal properly.
What is a Salter-Harris Type 3 fracture?
Salter-Harris type III fractures are an uncommon, intraarticular fracture physeal fractures that occur in children. The fracture line is often obliquely oriented through the epiphysis to the physis where it will take a horizontal orientation extending to the edge of the physis.
What is a Salter-Harris fracture type 3?
How common are growth plate fractures?
How common are growth plate fractures? Up to one-third of all the fractures that occur in children are growth plate fractures. They are more common in boys than girls. In fact, boys are twice as likely to have growth plate fractures as girls, because girls’ bones stop growing and harden at an earlier age.