What caused the Peloponnesian War?
What caused the Peloponnesian War?
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
What was the Peloponnesian War and why was it fought?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.
Why did Sparta attack Athens at the Peloponnesian War?
In the first phase, the Archidamian War, Sparta launched repeated invasions of Attica, while Athens took advantage of its naval supremacy to raid the coast of the Peloponnese and attempt to suppress signs of unrest in its empire. That treaty, however, was soon undermined by renewed fighting in the Peloponnese.
What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
What caused the Peloponnesian War? Greece was not big enough for the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League to be in control. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states.
Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
What was one effect of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on democracy? – It spread democracy to Sparta and a few other small city-states. – It helped democracy spread to many city-states around the Aegean Sea. – It ended democracy in Athens when Sparta replaced it with an oligarchy.
How did the Peloponnesian War Start quizlet?
how did the peloponnesian war begin? it begun when sparta and her alliances felt threatened by athens power so they gave them an ultimatum saying that they had to free all of the cities under their control or else they will have to face war. because sparta had a more powerful army but athens had a more powerful navy.
How did Sparta win the war?
What was the main cause of the Peloponnesian War?
The History explains that the primary cause of the Peloponnesian War was the “growth in power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta” (1.23.6).
Why did they start fighting in the Peloponnesian War?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war.
What circumstances led to the Peloponnesian War?
According to Thucydides , who ought to have known, the Great Peloponnesian War was caused by Sparta’s fear of an increasingly powerful Athens. Athens was oppressing other city-states as its power grew while Sparta remained basically the same.
What are some interesting facts about the Peloponnesian War?
Interesting Facts about the Peloponnesian War The first major war between Athens and Sparta is often called the Archidamian War after Sparta’s King Archidamus II . The “long walls” of Athens were around 4 ½ miles long each. The entire length of the walls around the city and the ports was around 22 miles.