What are regional terms of the body?
Regional terms describe the different parts of the body by the structures and functions of a specific region. The most basic regional terms are the axial and appendicular regions. Axes use directional terms to describe the location and orientation of a specific region.
What are the regions of the human body?
The Anatomical Regions of the Body
- Head and neck. Cephalic (head) Cervical (neck) Cranial (skull) Frontal (forehead) Nasal (nose)
- Thorax. Axillary (armpit) Costal (ribs) Deltoid (shoulder) Mammary (breast) Pectoral (chest)
- Abdomen. Abdominal (abdomen) Gluteal (buttocks) Inguinal (bend of hip) Lumbar (lower back)
Why is it important to use regional terms when describing the body?
Regions of the body are identified using terms such as “occipital” that are more precise than common words and phrases such as “the back of the head.” Directional terms such as anterior and posterior are essential for accurately describing the relative locations of body structures.
What are the four major body regions?
The entire human body is divided into regions, an approach called regional anatomy. Each main area (head, neck, thorax, abdomen, upper, and lower extremities) are divided into several smaller regions that aid compartmentalization.
What is the purpose of body planes?
When used in conjunction with anatomy, planes are used to divide the body and its parts, which allows you to describe the views from which you study the body.
When are regional terms used?
Regional Terms in Anatomy Two primary terms are used to describe the main regions of the body: The Axial Region makes up the main axis of the human body and includes the head, neck, chest, and trunk. The Appendicular Region makes up the parts of the human body that connect to the axial region.
Where is the lower abdomen located in the human body?
In vertebrates, the abdomen is a large body cavity enclosed by the abdominal muscles, at front and to the sides, and by part of the vertebral column at the back. Lower ribs can also enclose ventral and lateral walls….
What does regional terms mean in anatomy?
In the study of medicine and anatomy, the “regional terms” are the vocabulary taught to children and students alike to designate specific areas on the human body. The reason we use these terms is that it makes learning about the body and each of its distinct parts a lot easier to separate them into different areas.
What are regional terms in anatomy?
Key Points Regional terms describe the different parts of the body by the structures and functions of a specific region. The most basic regional terms are the axial and appendicular regions. Axes use directional terms to describe the location and orientation of a specific region.
What are the anatomical body regions?
The anatomical regions (shown) compartmentalize the human body. Just like on a map, a region refers to a certain area. The body is divided into two major portions: axial and appendicular. The axial body runs right down the center (axis) and consists of everything except the limbs, meaning the head, neck, thorax (chest and back), abdomen, and pelvis.
What are directional terms in human anatomy?
Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body.