Was there a war in 1874?
Was there a war in 1874?
During the summer of 1874, the U. S. Army launched a campaign to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indian tribes from the Southern Plains and enforce their relocation to reservations in Indian Territory.
When did the Red River War begin?
Red River War/Start dates
The Red River War, a series of military engagements fought between the United States Army and warriors of the Kiowa, Comanche, Southern Cheyenne, and southern Arapaho Indian tribes from June of 1874 into the spring of 1875, began when the federal government defaulted on obligations undertaken to those tribes by the …
What led to the Red River War?
Many factors led to the outbreak of full-scale war in 1874. The Indians’ attack at Adobe Walls may be considered the official beginning of the Red River War. It was followed quickly by a Kiowa raid into Texas and a Comanche attack on an army detachment at the Wichita Agency at Anadarko in Indian Territory.
Why did the United States demand from the Comanche leading to the Red River War?
The United States demanded that the Comanche settle on government reservationsd. The Red River War did not involve the Comanchec, page 36, The United States military said that any Indians not settled on the reservations were to be considered hostile and the Comanche still refused to resettle.
What happened at the Red River War?
The Red River War was a military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874 to displace the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains, and forcibly relocate the tribes to reservations in Indian Territory.
What did the US demand from the Comanche?
The Comanches could meet that demand by breeding and selling horses from their herds, capturing and training wild horses from the herds in Comancheria, or raiding Mexican ranches and taking horses.
Where did the Red River War take place?
At this meeting the Comanche, joined by Kiowa and Cheyenne, targeted the camp of white buffalo hunters at the site of Adobe Walls, an old trading post in the Texas Panhandle. The Indians’ attack at Adobe Walls may be considered the official beginning of the Red River War.
Who was the general in the Red River War?
In the fall of 1874, about 3,000 federal infantry and cavalry, under the overall command of General William Tecumseh Sherman, converged on the Indians concentrated in the Red River valley, Texas. Resistance was so determined that 14 pitched battles were required to curb the Indian power by mid-November.
What was the outcome of the Red River Indian War?
In the resulting Red River Indian War, five army columns marched on Indians declared hostile by the federal government. The most notable encounter came in Texas at Palo Duro Canyon on September 28, when Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie’s 4th U.S. Cavalry overran a Kiowa, Comanche, and Southern Cheyenne…
How many Cheyennes were involved in the Red River War?
At this time, roughly 1,800 Cheyennes, 2,000 Comanches, and 1,000 Kiowas remained at large. Combined, they mounted about 1,200 warriors. General Phillip Sheridan ordered five army columns to converge on the general area of the Texas Panhandle and specifically upon the upper tributaries of the Red River.