Is chlorinated paraffin toxic?

Is chlorinated paraffin toxic?

(1976) report that chlorinated paraffins are “practically nontoxic” in humans with a probable oral lethal dose above 15 g/kg, or greater than 2.2 pounds, for a 70-kg person. Table 19–4 provides a summary of oral acute and short-term toxicity data for chlorinated paraffins.

What is chlorinated oil?

Chlorinated paraffins are added to metalworking lubricants as extreme pressure additives. They actually react with the surface under conditions of high temperature and pressure to provide maximum lubrication. While they are excellent lubricant additives, they can be very difficult to remove.

How is chlorinated paraffin wax made?

Chlorinated paraffins are manufactured by the chlorination of n-paraffin or paraffin wax, normally in a batch process. The reaction is exothermic and leads to the generation of the by-product hydrochloric acid. After removing residual traces of acid, a stabiliser is added to produce finished batches.

What are chlorinated paraffins used for?

Chlorinated paraffins are used as plasticizers for polyvinyl chloride, as extreme-pressure additives in metal-machining fluids, as additives to paints, coatings and sealants to improve their resistance to chemicals and to water, and as flame retardants for plastics, fabrics, paints and coatings.

How do you remove chlorinated paraffin?

There is no cleaning compound available which forces the paraffin to float on the surface and allow for removal via an oil water separation system.

Is paraffin a wax?

Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft, solid wax. It’s made from saturated hydrocarbons. It’s often used in skin-softening salon and spa treatments on the hands, cuticles, and feet because it’s colorless, tasteless, and odorless. It can also be used to provide pain relief to sore joints and muscles.

What does chlorine do to a diesel engine?

I just want to add that chlorine in any shape or form on lubricants used in Diesel engine can affect your seals, rubbers, joints, Journal Bearings etc. and in the other side will destroy your catalytic convertor installed in the exhaust pipe.

What is paraffin C14?

C14-C17 n-paraffin is a clear colourless hydrocarbon liquid, flammable and odourless. 23334.

What will ruin a diesel engine?

As little as 1% gasoline contamination will lower the diesel flash point by 18 degrees C. This means the diesel fuel will prematurely ignite in the diesel engine, which can lead to engine damage. Gasoline contamination can also damage the fuel pump and mess up diesel injectors.

What are the different types of chlorinated paraffins?

CPs are subdivided according to their carbon chain length into short chain CPs (SCCPs, C 10–13 ), medium chain CPs (MCCPs, C 14–17) and long chain CPs (LCCPs, C >17 ). Depending on chain length and chlorine content, CPs are colorless or yellowish liquids or solids.

How is environmental risk assessment done for chlorinated paraffins?

This Risk Assessment Report has been produced by the Environment Agency to complement the reviews of short-chain chlorinated paraffins and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins that have been carried out under Council Regulation (EEC) 793/31 on the evaluation and control of the risks of “existing” substances.

Is the chlorinated paraffin in LCCPs toxic to aquatic organisms?

>20solid chlorinated paraffins are not toxic to aquatic organisms. Therefore, based on these data, LCCPs do not meet the toxicity criterion from the marine risk assessment guidance. “Quantitative” risk assessment: comparison of exposure with effects

What is the chlorination level of long chain CPs?

, long chain CPs, LCCP) chlorinated paraffins. The level of chlorination of technical products ranges between 15 % and 70 %. Chlorinated paraffins are, among others, used as flame retardants and softening agents in PVC and varnish raw materials as well as an element of paints and lubrication fluids e.g. in the metal processing. Short-chain (C 10 -C