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How is polyethylene oxide made?

How is polyethylene oxide made?

Polyethylene oxide, or high-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol, is synthesized by suspension polymerization. It is necessary to hold the growing polymer chain in solution in the course of the polycondensation process. The reaction is catalyzed by magnesium-, aluminium-, or calcium-organoelement compounds.

Which polymerisation process is used for preparation of polyethylene oxide?

PEOs are synthesized by polymerization of ethylene oxide using a metallic catalyst. They are available in a very wide molecular weight range, from 200 to 7.0 × 106 g/mol, and the low-molecular-weight PEOs are called PEGs.

What is polyethylene oxide used for?

PEO polymers are used as thickeners, lubrication aids, film formers, flocculants and binders in applications including adhesives, coatings, inks, water treatment, ceramics, papermaking, agrochemicals, and electronics. Solutions of PEO have a high degree of wet tack and lubricity.

How do you dissolve polyethylene oxide?

Try to dissolve PEO in the combination water/ethanol or water/methanol at a temperature which is not low & not high. I suggest warm solvent mixture, say at 40- 50 oC . Try first 0.1g polymer in 10 ml.

Is polyethylene oxide safe to ingest?

Ingestion: PEO is essentially inert when taken orally . Get medical attention. After following first aid measures, seek medical attention.

Is polyethylene an oxide a plastic?

Polyethylene is a kind of plastic. Polyethylene is a polymer of ethylene. The repeating units are H — (C2H4)n — H. Polyethylene glycols are polymers of ethylene oxide.

Is polyethylene oxide biodegradable?

Many synthetic biomaterials, including the widely applied polyethylene glycol (PEG) and essentially all polymers derived from radical polymerization reactions comprising a CeC polymer backbone are considered non-biodegradable.

Is polyethylene glycol used in antifreeze?

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polyether compound that has a variety of uses and appearances depending on its molecular weight. Polyethylene Glycol is made by polymerising ethylene glycol, the main ingredient in antifreeze solutions, and has a strong presence in the medical industry.