# How do you calculate passing distance for sight?

## How do you calculate passing distance for sight?

Passing Sight Distance

1. Passing vehicle driver’s perception/reaction time = 2.5 sec.
2. Passing vehicle’s acceleration rate = 1.47 mph/sec.
3. Initial speed of passing vehicle = 50 mph.
4. Passing speed of passing vehicle = 60 mph.
5. Speed of slow vehicle = 50 mph.
6. Speed of opposing vehicle = 60 mph.
7. Length of passing vehicle = 22 ft.

What is passing sight distance?

Simply put, the passing sight distance is the length of roadway that the driver of the passing vehicle must be able to see initially, in order to make a passing maneuver safely. The vehicle being passed travels at a constant speed throughout the passing maneuver.

How do you calculate intersection distance?

Insufficient sight distance can be a contributing factor in intersection traffic crashes….Table 3. Sight Distance at Intersections.

Speed (mph) * Stopping Sight Distance (ft.) Design Intersection Sight Distance (ft.)
35 250 390
40 305 445
45 360 500
50 425 555

### What is sight distance in vertical curve?

Headlight sight distance is the controlling factor in sag vertical curves, though stopping sight distance is used in the actual design of a sag vertical curve. The vertical clearance of structures over a roadway in a sag curve must allow for adequate stopping sight distance.

What are the factors affecting passing sight distance?

Factors Affecting Overtaking Sight Distance

• Spacing Between the vehicles.
• Speed of the vehicles.
• The acceleration rate of the overtaking vehicle.
• The velocities of the vehicle which is overtaking, overtaken and that coming in the opposite direction.
• The driver skill.
• The reaction of the driver.

What is the formula for perception distance?

Driver perception/reaction distance is calculated by: dPRT = 0.278 Vt (metric) dPRT = 1.47 Vt (US customary)

#### What is the difference between stopping sight distance and passing sight distance?

For the purposes of design, sight distance is considered in terms of stopping sight distance, passing sight distance, and decision sight distance. Stopping sight distance is provided when the sight distance available to a driver equals or exceeds the stopping distance for a passenger car traveling at the design speed.

What is K in vertical curve?

K-Value. This value represents the horizontal distance along which a 1% change in grade occurs on the vertical curve. It expresses the abruptness of the grade change in a single value. Speed tables or other design tools often provide a target minimum K value.

Which factor will not affect sight distance?

Gradient of the road. Therefore sight distance required is less. While descending a gradient, gravity also comes into action and more time will be required to stop the vehicle. Sight distance required will be more in this case.

## What is the minimum sight distance in AASHTO?

Chapter 3 of “A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets,” AASHTO, contains a thorough discussion of the derivation of stopping sight distance. 201.2 Passing Sight Distance Passing sight distance is the minimum sight distance required for the driver of one vehicle to pass another vehicle safely and comfortably.

How to calculate the passing sight distance by hand?

Calculate the passing sight distance by hand, and then compare it to the values recommended by AASHTO. In your calculations, assume that the following variables have the values given: Passing vehicle driver’s perception/reaction time = 2.5 sec. Passing vehicle’s acceleration rate = 1.47 mph/sec.

What is the equation for stopping sight distance?

2 =+ (Metric) Equation 28-1.1 Where: SSD = stopping sight distance, ft (m) V = design speed, mph (km/h) t = brake reaction time, 2.5 s a = driver deceleration, ft/s2 (m/s2) The following briefly discusses the basic assumptions within the SSD model: 1. Brake Reaction Time.

### Which is Chapter 3 of AASHTO discusses geometric design?

Chapter 3 of AASHTO, A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, contains a thorough discussion of the derivation of passing sight distance. 201.3 Stopping Sight Distance

13/11/2019